Optimizing Care of Cervical Dystonia: Improving Diagnosis and Skills for Localization and Injection of Affected Muscles with Botulinum Neurotoxin

CME: 1.0

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Contrast the fundamental pharmacology and use of botulinum neurotoxins indicated for cervical dystonia, including mechanism of action, potency/interchangeability, adverse events, reconstitution, and issues related to dosing.
  • Outline the anatomy and pathophysiology of musculature targeted by botulinum neurotoxin as cervical dystonia treatment.
  • Apply current methods for accurate identification of muscles for targeted botulinum neurotoxin delivery in cervical dystonia, including ultrasonography- and electromyography-guided techniques.

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