By Stan Deresinski, MD, FACP, FIDSA, Clinical Professor of Medicine, Stanford University, Hospital Epidemiologist, Sequoia Hospital, Redwood City, CA, Editor of Infectious Disease Alert.
Synopsis: Another case of novel coronavirus infection, for which person-to-person transmission has been demonstrated, has been reported.
Source: WHO. Novel coronavirus infection – update. http://www.who.int/csr/don/2013_03_12/en/index.html
In the January 2013 issue of Infectious Disease Alert the initial reports of a novel coronavirus were reviewed.1 These included 5 cases (including 3 deaths) from Saudi Arabia, two cases from Qatar and two cases (both fatal) from Jordan. Unfortunately, this potentially lethal virus has not disappeared, as the SARS coronavirus appears to have done, and a 15th case has been reported.
On 12 March 2013, the WHO reported that they had been informed by the Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia of a new confirmed case of infection with the novel coronavirus (nCoV). A 39-year-old man became ill on 24 February 2013 and died on 2 March, several days after hospitalization. While the epidemiological investigation is incomplete, no link to previously reported cases had been identified. This patient was the 15th known case of nCoV infection; 9 have died.
No cases of nCoV infection have yet been reported in the U.S. but 3 cases within one family in the U.K. have been confirmed. The index family in that cluster had traveled to Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. Investigation indicated person-to-person transmission within the family.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends reporting the following to your health department:2,3